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ECI FAQ on MCC Model Code Of Conduct : Election Commission of India

Organisation : Election Commission of India
Announcement : FAQ on MCC Model Code Of Conduct
Applicable For : Political Parties And Candidates
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ECI Model Code Of Conduct FAQ

The Model Code of Conduct for guidance of political parties and candidates is a set of norms which has been evolved with the consensus of political parties who have consented to abide by the principles embodied in the said code and also binds them to respect and observe it in its letter and spirit.

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What is the role of Election Commission in the matter?
The Election Commission ensures its observance by political party(ies) in power, including ruling parties at the Centre and in the States and contesting candidates in the discharge of its constitutional duties for conducting the free, fair and peaceful elections to the Parliament and the State Legislatures under Article 324 of the Constitution of India. It is also ensured that official machinery for the electoral purposes is not misused.

Further, it is also ensured that electoral offences, malpractices and corrupt practices such as impersonation, bribing and inducement of voters, threat and intimidation to the voters are prevented by all means. In case of violation, appropriate measures are taken.

From which date the Model Code of Conduct is enforced and operational upto which date?
The Model Code of Conduct is enforced from the date of announcement of election schedule by the Election Commission and is operational till the process of elections are completed.

Official Machinery

Whether a Minister can combine his official visit with electioneering work?
The Ministers shall not combine their official visit with electioneering work and shall not also make use of official machinery or personnel during the electioneering work.

Whether Govt. transport can be used for electioneering work?
No transport including official air-crafts, vehicles etc. shall be used for furtherance of the interest of any party or a candidate.

Whether Govt. can make transfers and postings of officials who are related to election work?
There shall be a total ban on the transfer and posting of all officers/officials directly or indirectly connected with the conduct of the election. If any transfer or posting of an officer is considered necessary, prior approval of the Commission shall be obtained.

Welfare Schemes, Government Works

Is there any restriction on issue of advertisement at the cost of public exchequer regarding achievements with a view to furthering the prospects of the party in power?
The advertisement regarding achievements of the party at the cost of public exchequer in the print and electronic media and the misuse of official mass media during the period of election is prohibited.

Whether hoardings/advertisements etc. depicting the achievements of the party(s) in power at Centre/State Governments at the cost of public exchequer can be continued?
All such hoardings, advertisements etc. on display shall be removed forthwith by the concerned authorities. Further, no advertisements should be issued in the newspapers and other media including electronic media at the cost of public exchequer.

Whether a Minister or any other authority can sanction grants/ payments out of discretionary funds?
Ministers and other authorities shall not sanction grants/payments out of discretionary funds from the time elections are announced.

Whether money can be withdrawn from treasury against the sanctioned amount from the discretionary funds of Ministers to prepare draft in the names of beneficiaries which may be disbursed after process of election is completed?
The funds may either be kept in “Personal Ledger Account” of the concerned Department or the release may be deferred till the completion of elections.

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